HISTORY OF THE INSTITUTE OF HYDROGEOLOGY AND ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
In 1937, the Institute of Geology of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR was organized with the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology. B.I.Georgievsky, A.F.Slyadnev, B.A.Beder, A.I.Shevchenko, N.N.Khodjibaev worked under the leadership of M.M.Krylov, G.A.Mavlyanov, and since 1956 A.S.Khasanov. In those years, many specialists of the Institute worked in various industrial enterprises and universities of the republic: Sredaztsvetmetrazvedke (g. Tashkent)-L.Sandomirsky, N.I.Plotnikov, M.V.Syrovatko, etc., Coal Exploration, SAGU (TASHGU) – M.M.Krylov, A.A.Khudaibergenov, R.V.Borodin, etc., SAzPI (TASHPI)-V.L.Dmitriev, GA.Mavlyanov, Tashiite – F.I.Voronov, TIIIMSH — D.M.Katz, hydrogeological expedition, later Uzbek Hydrogeological Trust-V.M.Fomin, V.N.Tolokonnikov, R.Ya.-Boyko, V.A.Heinz, V.P.Volkov and many others.
But the center of hydrogeology and engineering geology, where various scientific and industrial issues were discussed, was the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology of the Institute of Geology of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. The period of organization of the Institute of Geology coincided with a wide scale of irrigation construction in Uzbekistan.
In this regard, plans were made for the development of irrigation in the republic, the expansion of irrigated and newly developed areas on the lands of the Hungry, Karshi steppes, the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, etc., which were reflected in grandiose water management measures, the expansion of irrigated areas.
In this regard, the main research works of the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology were focused on the development of irrigated land reclamation. The Institute laid the foundation for two main areas of hydrogeological and engineering-geological research.